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Robert Sloane Basker
Inducted 1993 [Now Deceased]
Photo: Rink Photo
He founded Mattachine Midwest in 1965, began Chicago’s first gay and lesbian telephone hotline, and started discussions with police amid arbitrary raids and arrests. He also took part in pre-Stonewall national organizing and in Dade County organizing during the Anita Bryant era. Born in 1918, he remained a social-change activist in a variety of causes until his death in 2001.
Though always far from rich, has selflessly given of himself for the sake of lesbians and gay males such as himself, and for the sake of oppressed groups in which he had no "stake" of his own. By occupation an outstanding encyclopedia salesman, he has liberally applied his persuasiveness, creativity and organizing skills in behalf of social change. At 75, his mind is amazingly open to the new ideas of others and fertile with those of his own. He has persevered despite unpopularity, occasional poverty, and long-standing heart and other health problems.
Born September 30, 1918 in New York City, Basker was a resident of Chicago for 14 years, between 1952 and 1966. During the early 1960s, he organized Mattachine Midwest, the first modern Midwestern gay organization, years before Stonewall, encouraging pride and self-esteem in our community. This was the pioneering first in Chicago [other than Henry Gerber's short lived 1920s' group], paving the way for dozens of subsequent gay committees, clubs, and coalitions.
Basker also established the Mattachine Midwest telephone hotline for social service [e.g., legal, medical, psychological and pastoral counseling, and housing referrals] and other community needs of gays and lesbians. And, in what he calls the famous "harvest of the fruits" case, centering on a police roundup at Clark and Diversey, Basker and Mattachine Midwest colleagues put a stop to arbitrary police mass swoops and arrests of people on the street who were perceived to be gay.
He traveled the length and width of Illinois in public forums, speaking on the matter of freedom of residence in behalf primarily of African-Americans, and he took a leading role in bringing racially integrated housing to Skokie.
Basker maintained contact with other lesbian and gay organizations around the country for mutual support and the exchange of ideas -- including participation in the 1965 New York Conference of the East Coast Homophile Organizations, at which plans were made for convening the National [later North American] Conference of Homophile Organizations.
Among his other affiliations during his Chicago residency were the Illinois Committee for Freedom of Residence, the North Suburban Urban League, the American Friends Service Committee-related HOME Inc., and the Illinois-Wisconsin Friends Committee on Legislation.
After leaving Chicago, Basker moved to Miami, Florida, where he helped to organize that city's first Metropolitan Community Church, the Miami Gay Activist Alliance, and Gay Community Seniors of South Florida. In 1976, he convened 11 gay and lesbian groups to create the Dade County Coalition for the Humanistic Rights of Gays; he lobbied for and got passed an ordinance forbidding discrimination based on sexual orientation.
He now resides in San Francisco, and continues as an activist in gay organizations, as well as those involved in women's rights, African-American issues, peace, and civil liberties.
This biography is as of the induction date. It has not been updated.
Additional information is available for items referenced in the biography of Robert Sloane Basker at the following sites:
Gerber/Hart Library
Mattachine
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